Endoscopic Surgery for Pituitary Tumor Removal: Procedure, Risks, and Recovery
Endoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that utilizes an instrument called an endoscope to remove pituitary tumors. This procedure involves inserting a thin, rigid tube equipped with a light, and camera through the nose, allowing the surgeon to remove the tumor while preserving the normal anatomy. The pituitary gland Tumor, located at the base of the brain above the nose, is responsible for regulating the body’s hormones. This makes it the “master control gland,” and any abnormalities in its function can result in various health problems. In this blog post, we will discuss the procedure, risks, and recovery associated with endoscopic surgery for pituitary tumor removal.
Pituitary Tumors and Endoscopic Surgery:
Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths that develop in the pituitary gland . These tumors can be hormone-secreting or non-hormone-secreting. Hormone-secreting tumors produce and release chemical messengers into the blood, leading to various hormonal imbalances. Non-hormone-secreting tumors, also known as non functional pituitary adenomas, can cause headaches and visual disturbances as they grow larger. Endoscopic surgery is a common method of removing pituitary tumors and preserving the function of the pituitary gland.
Reasons for Endoscopic Surgery for Pituitary Tumors:
Endoscopic surgery is primarily performed to remove pituitary tumors. Hormone-secreting (functional pituitary adenomas) tumors, non-hormone-secreting tumors, and cancerous tumors can be removed using this technique. Hormone-secreting tumors are particularly dangerous as they can cause a range of hormonal imbalances. Non-hormone-secreting tumors can lead to headaches and visual disturbances as they grow larger. Cancerous tumors require a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and medication.
Risks and Complications of Endoscopic Pituitary Tumor Surgery:
Endoscopic surgery is generally considered a safe procedure. However, like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks. Possible risks and complications of endoscopic pituitary tumor surgery include bleeding, infection, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea, meningitis, damage to normal parts of the pituitary gland, diabetes insipidus (DI), severe bleeding, visual problems, and stroke. The specific risks and complications depend on the individual’s medical condition and should be discussed with the doctor in detail before the procedure.
Recovery from Endoscopic Surgery:
Recovery from endoscopic surgery for pituitary tumor removal generally takes a few weeks. Patients may experience nasal congestion and are advised to avoid blowing their nose or sneezing for at least two weeks after the surgery. Follow-up appointments are recommended to monitor the healing of the surgical site and remove any nasal splints. Patients are also advised to use nasal saline rinses to reduce the need for removing crusts and promote nasal healing.
Endoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to remove pituitary tumors. It offers numerous benefits over traditional surgical techniques, including faster recovery times and fewer complications. However, like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks that should be discussed with the doctor beforehand. Patients should follow all post-surgery instructions to ensure a smooth recovery. If you have been advised to undergo endoscopic surgery for pituitary tumor removal, consult a skul base Neurosurgeon in Dubai for a second opinion.