Pituitary Tumors

An abnormal growth in the pituitary gland is known as a pituitary tumor. The pituitary gland is a small gland in the brain that produces hormones that affect many other glands and many functions of the body. Most pituitary tumors are benign which means non- cancerous. They do not spread to other parts of the body but affect the pituitary gland leading to less production of hormones that affect other body parts.
Many pituitary gland tumors when they grow big can com press the optic nerve affecting the vision.

Signs and symptoms of Pituitary tumor

A pituitary tumor may press or damage the parts of the pituitary gland There are some signs and symptoms of pituitary tumor which are as follows-

If you experience any of the above-mentioned pituitary gland tumor symptoms, then consult a Neurosurgeon in Dubai or an endocrinologist for further evaluation and diagnosis of pituitary tumor.

Types of pituitary tumors

The different types of pituitary tumors are discussed below-

Nonfunctional adenomas

These are pituitary tumors that do not produce any hormones and remains clinically silent until it grows to a larger size. There are no certain symptoms until the tumor is of a certain size. When the size of the tumor is big enough, it can cause headache vision problems. Large pituitary tumors damage normal pituitary cells and sometimes this leads to symptoms associated with decreased hormone production.

Prolactin producing tumors

These benign tumors produce a hormone called prolactin. In women, too much prolactin production leads to an irregular menstrual cycle or even can stop your menstrual cycle. This can also lead to the production of breastmilk even when you are not pregnant or nursing. In men, it can cause erectile dysfunction and decreased sexual drive. They may also experience enlarged breasts; low sperm count and low body hair. Occasionally, it can also cause headaches and vision problems.

ACTH producing tumor

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulates the adrenal gland to produce steroids which affect your metabolism. Too much ACTH production leads to a condition called Cushing’s disease in which leads to abnormal fat deposits on your face, neck, back, belly (abdomen), and chest. Along with all these, your legs also tend to become thin leading to weaker bones. Excess ACTH production can also lead to purple stretch marks in the skin and high blood pressure. .

Growth hormone-producing tumor 

These type of tumors leads to the production of excess growth hormones. In children, excessive growth hormone leads to overgrowth of all the bones of the body and when this happens it leads to gigantism. In adults, excess growth hormone leads to acromegaly which involves joint pain, extra growth in the skull, hands, and feet, deepened voice, a change in facial appearance with extra growth in facial bones, wide spacing of the teeth, snoring, and diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance.

Diagnosis of the Pituitary tumor

Initially, a physical examination is done and medical history of the patient is obtained and then the following investigations are conducted to come to a diagnosis.

  • Hormones level in the blood- for various hormones like GH, ACH, prolactin, testosterone, estrogen, etc.
  • CT scan
  • MRI of the brain and pituitary
  • Perimetry- to test your vision

Treatment of the pituitary gland tumor

Depending on the type of the tumor and the symptoms it produces, various pituitary tumor surgery options include,

  • Medical treatment
  • Radiation and
  • Surgery

If you have been diagnosed with pituitary tumor and have been advised, get a second opinion from a pituitary tumor surgeon.

Pituitary Tumor Treatment in Dubai

There are several treatment options available for pituitary gland tumors. Depending on the specific case, the recommended approaches may involve medical treatment, radiation, or surgery. If you have been diagnosed with a pituitary tumor, it is crucial to consider seeking a second opinion from a qualified pituitary tumor surgeon. Additionally, for individuals seeking reliable Pituitary Tumor Treatment in Dubai, there are specialized medical facilities that provide comprehensive care and expertise in dealing with such conditions.

Conditions Treated By the Best Neurosurgeon in Dubai (UAE)

Dr. Arun Rajeswaran

Consult Dr. Arun with a professional experience of more than 13 years in the field of Neurosurgery

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