Endoscopic pituitary surgery is a procedure for removal of pituitary tumors. The pituitary gland is located at the bottom of your brain and above the nose. The Endoscopic pituitary surgery is also known as transsphenoidal endoscopic surgery. Transsphenoidal means through the sphenoidal sinus. The head has normal air sinuses which are bony space filled with air and hence these spaces form a corridor for brain surgeries. This surgery is done with the help of an endoscope, a thin, rigid tube with a microscope, light, and camera built into it. The camera in the endoscope lets the surgeon see the exact position where the tumor is present. In this surgical procedure, rather than opening up the skull, the endoscopic surgeon reaches the tumor through the nasal passage and the sphenoid sinus. It is a less-invasive procedure that allows the neurosurgeon to avoid important brain structures. There is no visible scar left, which minimizes the risks of complications, and facilities fast healing.