Sciatica is a condition in which the sciatica nerve running from the lower back down to the feet feels irritated or compressed. The patient experiences pain in the path of the sciatica. It mostly occurs when a herniated disc or an outgrown bone puts pressure on any part of the L5 or S1 nerve roots in the spinal canal leading to inflammation, numbness, and pain in some areas of the leg. Sometimes it can be due to compression of the sciatic nerve in the pelvic region when it passes under a muscle called pyriformis.
The sciatica nerve pain may vary from a mild ache to a strong burning pain and can feel like a jolt or an electric shock. It gets worse on coughing, sneezing or sitting for a very long time.

Causes of Sciatica

Sciatica happens when there is pressure on the static nerve or Lumbar nerve roots. The causes of this condition are-

Risk factors of the Sciatica

Some of the risk factors involved with Sciatica are mentioned below-

Symptoms of Sciatica

Prevention of Sciatica

Treatment of the Sciatica

Most of the cases of sciatica can be treated with medications like anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, pregabalin, etc. and physiotherapy after consulting an experienced surgeon for sciatica for immediate relief for sciatica nerve pain.

If the sciatica nerve pain is severe not responding to the medications or if there is weakness of the legs or loss of bladder control, you may be offered sciatica spine surgery.

If you have been advised sciatica surgery, then consult a neurosurgeon to get a second opinion  on your condition and required sciatica pain treatment.

Dr. Arun Rajeswaran

Consult Dr. Arun with a professional experience of more than 13 years in the field of Neurosurgery

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