What are the most common types of neurosurgery?

What are the most common types of neurosurgery?

Neurosurgery has been separated into many types, but still, people always think that neurosurgery means brain tumor surgery. Yes, brain tumors are one of the included conditions that are treated through neurosurgery, but it’s not alone. Many other conditions related to the spine, brain, central and internal nervous system are also treated with neurosurgery. This blog may help you understand the common surgical types of neurosurgery and which issues can be treated, enabling you to make informed decisions and find the best Neurosurgeon in Dubai.

Why Do People Require Neurosurgery?

Head Injury

Brain damage can happen from serious crashes or falls on the head. Neurosurgery is sometimes needed to ease pressure, fix damaged tissue, or fix problems that have come up because of serious injuries.


Strokes can harm the brain due to blocked or bleeding blood vessels. Neurosurgery might be needed to fix these vessels and prevent further damage or complications.

Pituitary Tumors 

A pituitary tumor is an abnormal development. The brain gland pituitary is tiny behind the nose. Hormones from it affect various glands and physiological functions. Most pituitary tumors are benign. Your body doesn’t distribute them. They can cause the pituitary to produce too few or too many hormones, creating health issues.

Brain Tumors

Brain tumor surgery becomes necessary when people have brain tumors. These abnormal masses in the brain may be harmful and need surgical removal to prevent further health complications.


Hydrocephalus is a disease in which too much fluid builds up in the brain and puts pressure on it. It needs surgery to fix. Surgery helps get rid of this fluid, which lowers the pressure and keeps damage from happening.

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is sudden, severe facial pain. It’s often described as sharp shooting pain or like having an electric shock in the jaw, teeth, or gums. This condition is typically treated by a neurosurgeon who may use a method known as MVD or microvascular decompression. This procedure may help resolve the underlying condition of trigeminal neuralgia.


Sciatica (lumbar radiculopathy) is sciatic nerve pain. From the pelvis to the thigh, this nerve runs. The main leg nerve is the sciatic. The largest nerve in your body.

Herniated Disc

People may need neurosurgery for herniated discs when these spinal discs press on nerves, causing pain and weakness. Surgery can relieve the pressure and improve symptoms.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Lower back spinal stenosis means that the space in your spine gets smaller. This can make your legs hurt or go numb. Neurosurgeons know a lot about this condition and they can try to fix the problem through surgery.

If you are facing any of these conditions, you should contact the best neurosurgeon in Dubai.

Types of Neurosurgery 


A craniotomy exposes the brain by removing the skull bone. Removal of the bone flap requires specialized instruments. The bone flap is temporarily removed and restored after brain surgery. Computers and imaging (MRI or CT scans) may guide some craniotomy treatments to the exact brain area to be treated. This technology uses a skull frame or a frameless system with scalp landmarks. Stereotactic craniotomy combines either imaging approach with craniotomy.

Spinal Surgery

One option for spine surgery is open (conventional), which requires a backbone incision. The surgeon separates muscle and soft tissue to reach the spine, bones, and spinal cord. A tiny incision and a tube are used in minimally invasive spine surgery to insert small surgical equipment. Minimally invasive procedures may reduce recovery time and problems.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

A treatment called Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) includes putting electrodes in certain parts of the brain. Controlled electrical pulses from these electrodes change the activity of neurons, which helps treat conditions like Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, and even serious depression. DBS gives hope to people who are suffering from crippling neurological illnesses.

Tumor Resection

Tumor resection is a treatment used to get rid of growths or tumors. In order to improve the patient’s health and stop the tumor from growing or doing harm, surgeons carefully cut out the tumor. The tumor could be cancerous or not. It’s a common way to fight cancer and other health problems linked to growth.

Epilepsy Surgery

This includes taking out parts of the brain that cause epileptic seizures. It is thought about when medicines don’t work to stop seizures and are meant to make the patient’s life better.

Minimally Invasive Techniques

Advances in neurosurgery include less invasive approaches such as neuroendoscopy, laser ablation, and stereotactic radiosurgery. These techniques minimize trauma and promote faster recovery.


Techniques like spinal cord stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation are used to manage conditions such as chronic pain, epilepsy, or depression by modulating neural activity with implanted devices.


Neurosurgery isn’t just about brain tumors; it tackles various critical conditions like head injuries, strokes, pituitary tumors, and more. Modern techniques, from craniotomies to minimally invasive procedures and neuromodulation, offer hope for better outcomes and faster recovery. These surgeries treat many patients every year, and the results are really effective.

Are you considering neurosurgery? Then don’t hesitate to contact our best neurosurgeon in UAE.

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Dr. Arun Rajeswaran

Consult Dr. Arun with a professional experience of more than 13 years in the field of Neurosurgery

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